What is an LED?

A Light Emitting Diode (LED) is a semiconductor device, which can emit light when an electric current passes through it. To do this, holes from p-type semiconductors recombine with electrons from n-type semiconductors to produce light. The wavelength of the light emitted depends on the bandgap of the semiconductor material. Harder materials with stronger molecular bonds generally have wider bandgaps. Aluminum Nitride semiconductors are known as ultra-wide bandgap semiconductors.